FREE WAEC Past Questions – your gateway to success in the West African Examinations Council( WAEC) examinations. Our platform is dedicated to furnishing you with free access to formerly test questions, comebacks, and expensive resources to support you break in your WAEC examinations. With a rich repository of formerly papers and expert guidance, we’re also to warrant you on your trip to scoring outstanding effects. Don’t miss out on this occasion to exercise, prepare, and boost your confidence for test success. Start your FREE WAEC history Questions trip moment and unlock your full intellectual potentiality!
FREE WAEC Past Questions
2023 CIVIC EDUCATION
GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEM AND PROCESSES
1. (a) Enumerate six consequences of cultism in the society.
(b) State three hindrances to the eradication of cultism in Nigeria.
2. Explain five functions of public service in Nigeria.
3. (a) Name five alternative strategies desperate politicians are likely to use to win elections.
(b) Explain five effective measures that could be taken to checkmate desperate politicians from winning elections at all cost.
4. (a) Explain the executive arm of governmental in Nigeria.
(b) In what six ways do the constitutional roles of the executive arm of government promote democracy?
1.(a) Consequences of cultism in the society:
(I)Violence and criminal activities: Cultism often involves the use of violence, intimidation, and criminal activities such as robbery, kidnapping, drug trafficking, and extortion.
(II)Loss of lives and proper,. Cult clashes and rivalries can result in frequent clashes between different cult groups, leading to loss of lives and destruction of property.
(III) Breakdown of law and order: Cultism undermines the rule of law by creating a parallel system of authority and justice.
(IV) Social instabilty: Cult activities can disrupt social harmony and stabbility within communities.
(V) Erosion of ethical values: Cults often promote ideologies that contradict societal norms and ethical values.
(v1) Disruption of academic activities; Cultism frequently infiltrates educational institutions, leading to the disruption of academic activities.
Premature death: Those who engage in cultism may end dying prematurely. Their activities may also lead to the death of innocent victims.
(viii) Embarrassment for family: Cult members bring embarrassment to their family members such as father, mother, siblings, etc. (ix) Destruction of the future: Cultism destroys the future of the youth who are supposed to be the leaders of tomorrow.
(b) Hindrances to the eradication of cultism in Nigeria:
(i) Strong commitment to oath of membership by cultists (ii) Irresponsible school administration/leadership (iii) Persistent threat to members willing to denounce cult membership (iv) Non-implementation o punishments/sanctions designed for cultists (v) Involvement of parents in cult activities.
2. Functions of public service in Nigeria:
(i) Policy development and implementation: Public servants play a crucial role in developing policies and strategies to address societal issues and achieve national goals. They research, analyse and make recommendations to policymakers, and then implement approved policies, monitoring their progress an making adjustments as needed. (ii) Service delivery: Public servants are responsible for delivering public services to citizens. Such services include healthcare, education, transportation, infrastructure development, social welfare programmes, etc. They work to ensure these services are accessible, efficient and of high quality. (iii) Regulation and compliance: Public servants enforce regulations and ensure compliance with laws and standards. They oversee sectors such as finance, commerce, health, and environment, developing and implementing regulations, conducting inspections, and taking enforce actions when necessary. (iv) Budgeting and financial management: Public servants are involved the formulation and execution of government budgets. They prepare budget proposals, allocate funds, different sectors, monitor expenditures, and ensure financial accountability and transparency. (v) Hum resource management: Public servants are responsible for managing the government’s workfor They recruit, hire, train and evaluate employees, promote merit-based appointments, and develop poll for staff welfare, performance management and career advancement. (vi) Public engagement a communication: Public servants engage with the public, communicating government policies, program and initiatives. They facilitate citizen participation, gather feedback, address concerns, and promo transparency and accountability. (vii) Diplomacy and international relations: Public servants represe Nigeria in diplomatic and intemational affairs. They participate in negotiations, promote trade and eConorn cooperation, manage consular services, and work towards regional and global partnerships. (viii) Research and development: Public servants conduct research and analysis to inform policymaking and impro service delivery. They generate data, evaluate existing programmes, identify emerging trends, and propose innovative solutions to address societal challenges.
3.(a) Alternative strategies desperate politicians are likely to use to win elections:
(I) Vote buying (II) Rigging (III) Falsification of election results (iv) Violence (v) Use of political thug (vi) Propaganda (vii) Use of fake electoral promises (viii) Presentation of exaggerated manifestoes.
(b) Effective measures that could be taken to checkmate desperate politicians from winning election at all cost:
(i) Existence of Independent and Impartial Judiciary: When the judiciary is independent and impartial; It will be able to sack any political office holder who won election fraudulently.
(ii) Provision of adequate security at polling units; Desperate politicians can easily be checkmated if there is adequate Security Is provided to secure lives and property during elections. Therefore, desperate politicians will not be able to forment trouble. (iii) Freedom of the press: Desperate politicians can be prevented from winning elections at all cost if all the radio, television and newspaper houses are free to report without fear or favour. This will enable them to expose the antics of desperate politicians. (iv) Existence of Independent commission and impartial electoral commission: The existence of independent electoral commission will discourage desperate politicians from winning elections at all cost. (v) Sound voter education: Sound voter education will definitely enforce desperate politicians. Voters should be educated on how to register to vote properly at elections.They should also be made to understand the acceptable things to do before, during and after elections. (vi) Condemnation of desperate politicians: These bad elements will be checkmated from wining lections at all cost if every citizen condemns their evil acts of winning elections at all cost.
3. (a)Explantion on the executive arm of government in Nigeria: The executive arm of government is responsible for policy making and implentation. It is also responsible for implementation, execution and enforcement of laws made by the legislature. In Nigeria, each level of government (federal, state and local) has its own executive. The federal executive is headed by the president, the state executive is headed by the state governor, and that of local government is headed by the chairman of the local government. Other functions the executive arm government performs include supervision of the administrative functions; presentation of the state in its relations with other countries: granting of pardon to those that have offended the state; initiation of bills, and so on.
(b) Ways the constitutional roles of the executive arm of government promote democracy : (i) Guarantee of citizens’ rights: Constitutional roles o the executive arm of government promote democracy by guaranteeing the rights of citizens. Protection of lives and property: The executive arm of government ensure that the lives and property of the citizenry are protected, thereby promoting democracy through its constitutional roles. (ii) Enactment of laws: The executive arm of government promote good governance, promoting democracy. (iii) Appointment of top officials: The executive appoints top officials from different parts of the country so as to ensure that every part of the country have a sense of belonging. (iv) Conferment of awards and honours: Another constitutional role of the executive arm of government promoting democracy is the conferment of awards and honours on deserving individuals. (v) Budgeting: It prepares and delivers the annual income and expenditure of the state, thereby delivering the dividends of democracy the doorsteps of the citizenry. (vi) Maintenance of law and order: The executive arm of this through the law enforcement agents, e.g. police. (vii) Appointment of judges: The executive arm of government appoints judges that will protect the interests of those who seek redress in courts.
In conclusion, FREE WAEC history Questions is your commissioned accompaniment on the path to intellectual success. We buy that the key to acing your West African Examinations Council( WAEC) examinations lies in thorough drug and practice, and that’s exactly what we extend. Our platform provides you with free access to a substance of formerly test questions and comebacks, giving away you the tools you need to break in your examinations.
By applying these resources, you aren’t only prepping for the examinations but also raising your confidence and inseparability with the test format. We are devoted to helping you achieve outstanding effects and reach your instructional pretensions.
Consequently, don’t miss out on this expensive occasion. Start your trip with FREE WAEC history Questions moment and take a significant step toward intellectual distinction. With your hard-bitten work and our resources, success in your WAEC examinations is well within your reach. Stylish of luck in your intellectual trip!