WAEC Past Questions FREE: This content will be providing latest questions from the past WASSCE which intend to help student towards preparation for the upcoming WASSCE. It contains questions that was asked in the previous year. It consists of of two sections. Section A consists of three questions and Section B consists of two questions. By getting familiar with their questions settings will help alot towards preparation for the exam. Below are the questions
WAEC Past Questions FREE
NATIONAL ETHICS, DISCIPLINE, RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
1. (a) Identify five values Of civic education.
(b) Explain any five ways citizenship education can contribute to nation building.
2. (a) Outline three factors that determine the legitimacy of a constituted authority in the society.
(b) Highlight six factors that citizens obedience to constituted authority authority in Nigeria.
3. (a) Define inter-communal relationships
(b) Explain four ways by which inter-communal relationships promote community development in Nigeria
EMERGING ISSUES IN THE SOCIETY
4. (a) List three government agencies that are constitutionally empowered to arrest persons who commit drug-related offences in Nigeria.
(b) In what six ways can non-adherence to media advice of certified medical professionals Constitute a’ threat to the survival of the sick and the society?
5. (a) Highlight three major ways by which HIV/AIDS can be contracted.
(b) State three reasons why the eradication of HIV/AIDS is still problematic in Nigeria.
WAEC Past Questions FREE:
ANSWERS TO WASSCE 2023 CIVIC EDUCATION
1. (a) Values of Civic Education:
(i) Selflessness; The quality of being more focused on the needs of others.
(ii) Honesty: the state of being truthful and straight-forward in whatever we do.
(iii) Integrity: the ability to stick to sound moral principles at all times.
(iv) Perseverance: continued effort to do or achieve something despite difficulties, failure or opposition.
(v) Hard work: a great deal of effort
(v) Diligence: persistent and careful work or effort
(vi) Discipline: the ability to obey rules and regulations and control one’s behaviour.
(vii) Patience: the ability to stay calm and accept a delay or something annoying without complaining
(viii) Respect: polite behaviour towards somebody or care for somebody.
(ix) Justice: the state of being fair, equitable and unbiased in treating issues involving individuals of groups.
(b) Ways citizenship education can contribute to nation-building: \
(i) Sensitisation: It helps to sensitise Nigerian youths on their duties and rights as citizens.
(ii) Production of responsible youths: It helps to produce responsible, well-informed and self-reliant Nigerian youths.
(iii) Inculcation of right values: It helps to inculcate the right values and attitudes into the youths for the development of the society.
(iv) Identification of national challenges: It helps citizens, especially youths, identify national problems and proffer solutions.
(v) Production of enlightened youths: It helps to produce enlightened youths who are politically and nationally conscious.
(vi) Instilling of moral standards: It helps to instil in the youth moral standards which are required for the development of the country.
(vii) Encouragement of national integration: It encourages national integration and nation-building.
(viii) Preparation of youths for leadership roles: It prepares the youths for future leadership roles.
WAEC Past Questions FREE
2.(a) Factors that determine the legitimacy of a constituted authority in the society:
(i) Good/Reliable leadership: Legitimacy may be accorded a leader if he performs creditably in office.
(ii) Good government: If the gmernment policies are formulated with god int,rtions, the people will have trust and confidence in such governments, for example, in the areas of providing social amenities and infrastructure, maintenance of law and order and rule of law in place.
(iii) Legitimacy through periodic elections: A free and fair election is a symbol of legitimacy and it registers the support of the people.
(iv) Customs and traditions: Respect for the established customs and traditions of the society can help to sustain or determine legitimacy, e.g. hereditary as in the British monarchy
(v) Foreign policy objectives: The extent of foreign policy objectives initiated by a country determines the level of acceptance it will be accorded bt other countries.
(b) Factors that facilitate citizens obedience to constituted authority in Nigeria:
(i) Provision of basic amenities: There will be citizens obedience if constited authority provides basic amenities to the citizens e.g. pipe borne water, electricity, health care, etc.
(ii) Maintenance of law: There will be citizens’ obedience if they maintain law, peace and order.
(iii) Promotion of national lives and property: There will he citizens’ obedience if constituted authority protects the citizens against internal and external attacks.
(v) Enactment of good laws: There will be citizens’ obedience if constituted authority if make and execute good laws and policies.
(vi) Equality and fairness: There will be citizens’ obedience if constituted authority guarantees the equality of citizens and treat them fairly.
(vii) Protection of citizens’ rights: There will be citizens’ obedience of contstituted authority can protect the rights of every citizen to engage in lawful economic activities for livelihood.
3.(a) Definition of inter-communal relationships:
Inter-communal relationships are the relationships existing between two or more communities. Good inter-communal relationships promote pease and harmony among members of communities and bring people of various communities together.
(b) Ways by which inter-communal relationships promote community development in Nigeria:
(i) Cultural exchange cooperation: Inter-communal relationships allow people from different cultural backgrounds to interact and learn from each other. This ultimately promotes community development.
(ii) Resource sharing: Collaborating and working together as different communities can also help in sharing resources such as land, water, and other natural resources. This can lead to more efficient utilisation of resources and better development in the community.
(iii) Economic growth: Inter-communal relationships can also lead to economic growth by creating opportunities for trade and commercial. Communities can work together to establish markets, share business ideas, and support each other financially, which can lead to better economic outcomes for all.
(iv) Joint community projects: Collaborative efforts between different communities can also lead to the completion of joint community development projects. For example, communities can come together to build schools, hospitals or community centres that will benefit all members of the society.
(v) Enhancement of security: Positive inter-communal relationships enhance and ensure stable and standby security consciousness and stability in their communities, thereby removing the fear of violence or war of any kind between the communities involved.
(vi) Promotion of political development: Responsible and positive inter-communal relationships promotes political development of the communities participating in issues related to political enhancement in their various communities.
4.(a) Government agencies that are constitutionally empowered persons who commit drug, related offences in Nigeria:
(i) National Drug Law EnforcementAgency (NDLEA)
(ii) National Agency for Food andDrugAdmeinistrateionnt and Control (NAFDAC)
(iii) Nigeria Police Force (NPF)
(iv) Nigeria Customs Service (NCS)
(v) Department of State Services (DSS)
(vi) Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps
(b) Ways non-adherence to medical advice of certified medical professionals can constitute a threat to the survival of the sick and the society:
(i) Failure to follow medical advice can a n trtv the progression or worsening of the underlying medical condition.
(ii) Non-adherence can render the prescribed treatment ineffective, leading to inadequate symptom.
(iii) Ignoring medical advice can increase the risk of complications and secondary infections. This can prolong the recovery process, worsen symptoms, and even lead to life-threatening situations.
(iv) Non-adherence measures, such as vaccination or isolation protocols facilitate the spread of infections within the community.
(v) Non-adherence can lead to prolonged illness or the need for more intensive medical interventions, which can result in increased healthcare costs for individuals and society as a whole.
(vi) Inappropriate use or premature discontinuation of antibiotics can contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance.
(vii) When patients consistently disregard medical advice, it can reduce trust in healthcare professionals and the healthcare overall system.
(viii) Non-adherence to public health recommendations, such as social distancing or wearing masks during a pandemic, can undermine the efforts to control the spread of diseases.
5.(a) Major ways by which HIV/AIDS can be contracted:
(i) Sexual acts
(ii) Blood transfusion
(iii) Sharing of contaminated sharp objects, e.g. needles, blades, etc
(iv) F i um mother to child
(v) Use of contaminated syringes
(vi) Through blood fluids, e.g. semen, breast milk etc.
(b) Reasons why the eradication of HIV/AIDS is still problematic in Nigeria:
(i) Stigmatisation:HIV/AIDS is problematic to eradicate in Nigeria because many PeoPle are scared of
WAEC Past Questions FREE: This brings to the conclusion of the past questions. I wish you the best in your exams. Goodluck.